International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds

Countries Weeds Herbicides Mutations Graphs References Researchers
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Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
State  
Herbicide Resistant Weeds in Australia
 #SpeciesCommon NameState NameFirst YearSite of Action

State: New South Wales

  1 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19851 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
4
  2 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5029
  3 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 19911 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5
  4 Cyperus difformisSmallflower Umbrella SedgeAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
6
  5 Sagittaria montevidensisCalifornia ArrowheadAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7
  6 Damasonium minusStarfruitAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
8
  7 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5035
  8 Sinapis arvensisWild MustardAustraliaNew South Wales 19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1139
  9 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1137
  10 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 19971 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5094
  11 Fumaria densifloraDense-flowered FumitoryAustraliaNew South Wales 19991 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
1178
  12 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaNew South Wales 20011 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5098
  13 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaNew South Wales 20021 Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
5198
  14 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5336
  15 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5338
  16 Sporobolus fertilisGiant Parramatta grassAustraliaNew South Wales 20041 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
10965
  17 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaNew South Wales 20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Antimicrotubule mitotic disrupter (Z/25)
10966
  18 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaNew South Wales 20071 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5297
  19 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20081 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5362
  20 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5509
  21 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5512
  22 Phalaris paradoxaHood CanarygrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20121 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7840
  23 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaNew South Wales 20131 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7839
  24 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaNew South Wales 20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
7892
  25 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11026
  26 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11031
  27 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaNew South Wales 20161 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
13045
  28 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16093
  29 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16094
  30 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16095
  31 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16096
  32 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16097
  33 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaNew South Wales 20171 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Unknown (Z/27)
16098

State: Queensland

  34 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaQueensland19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
23
  35 Polygonum convolvulus (=Fallopia convolvulus)Wild BuckwheatAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
9
  36 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaQueensland19931 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
11
  37 Rapistrum rugosumTurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
528
  38 Sisymbrium thellungiiAfrican TurnipweedAustraliaQueensland19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
529
  39 Urochloa panicoidesLiverseedgrassAustraliaQueensland19961 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
530
  40 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaQueensland20061 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
10967
  41 Mitracarpus hirtus Tropical GirdlepodAustraliaQueensland20071 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5349
  42 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaQueensland20091 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5514
  43 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5604
  44 Brachiaria eruciformisSweet Summer GrassAustraliaQueensland20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
8921
  45 Eleusine indicaGoosegrassAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11024
  46 Solanum nigrumBlack NightshadeAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11025
  47 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaQueensland20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11027
  48 Gamochaeta pensylvanicaPennsylvania EverlastingAustraliaQueensland20151 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
11029
  49 Conyza sumatrensisSumatran FleabaneAustraliaQueensland20181 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17148

State: South Australia

  50 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 7 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
DOXP inhibitors (F4/13)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
Mitosis inhibitors (K2/23)
Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
389
  51 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19841 Long chain fatty acid inhibitors (K3/15)
398
  52 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaSouth Australia19881 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
20
  53 Avena sterilisSterile OatAustraliaSouth Australia19891 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
21
  54 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19901 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
24
  55 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5031
  56 Digitaria sanguinalisLarge CrabgrassAustraliaSouth Australia19931 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16
  57 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaSouth Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
26
  58 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19941 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5226
  59 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
1143
  60 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaSouth Australia19961 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5202
  61 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaSouth Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
1136
  62 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia19981 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5034
  63 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia19991 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5188
  64 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20001 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5095
  65 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20011 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5203
  66 Diplotaxis tenuifoliaPerennial WallrocketAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5219
  67 Pentzia suffruticosaCalomba daisyAustraliaSouth Australia20041 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5241
  68 Avena sterilis ssp. ludovicianaSterile oatAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5252
  69 Mesembryanthemum crystallinumCrystalline IceplantAustraliaSouth Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5255
  70 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaSouth Australia20051 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5270
  71 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaSouth Australia20061 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5364
  72 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20071 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5298
  73 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20081 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5515
  74 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
5489
  75 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 5 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5510
  76 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5579
  77 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5580
  78 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5597
  79 Conyza bonariensisHairy FleabaneAustraliaSouth Australia20111 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5605
  80 Galium tricornutumThreehorn BedstrawAustraliaSouth Australia20121 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7837
  81 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
10988
  82 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaSouth Australia20151 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
10989
  83 Chloris virgataFeather FingergrassAustraliaSouth Australia20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11028
  84 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaSouth Australia20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15055
  85 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaSouth Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17118
  86 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16084
  87 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16085
  88 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Unknown (Z/27)
16086
  89 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16087
  90 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaSouth Australia20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16088

State: Victoria

  91 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaVictoria19841 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
19
  92 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19841 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5042
  93 Arctotheca calendulaCapeweedAustraliaVictoria19861 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
22
  94 Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinumHare BarleyAustraliaVictoria19881 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
18
  95 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria19901 PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
17
  96 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19961 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
380
  97 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria19991 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
5363
  98 Bromus diandrusRipgut BromeAustraliaVictoria19991 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5467
  99 Nassella trichotomaSerrated TussockAustraliaVictoria20021 Lipid Inhibitors (N/26)
5189
  100 Urtica urensBurning NettleAustraliaVictoria20021 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5190
  101 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20091 Unknown (Z/27)
5513
  102 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20091 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5516
  103 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaVictoria20091 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
7841
  104 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20091 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7845
  105 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7842
  106 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20101 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
7844
  107 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5603
  108 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaVictoria20111 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
5712
  109 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaVictoria20111 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7846
  110 Phalaris minorLittle seed Canary grassAustraliaVictoria20121 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
7838
  111 Chloris truncataWindmill GrassAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11021
  112 Lactuca serriolaPrickly LettuceAustraliaVictoria20151 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
11022
  113 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaVictoria20151 Lipid Inhibitors (N/8)
11023
  114 Sonchus oleraceusAnnual SowthistleAustraliaVictoria20151 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
15056
  115 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
16089
  116 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
16090
  117 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
16091
  118 Poa annuaAnnual BluegrassAustraliaVictoria20171 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
16092

State: Western Australia

  119 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19821 Multiple Resistance: 3 Sites of Action
ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
15
  120 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
324
  121 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19841 Microtubule inhibitors (K1/3)
330
  122 Avena fatuaWild OatAustraliaWestern Australia19851 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
14
  123 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Carotenoid biosynthesis (unknown target) (F3/11)
316
  124 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia19881 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
480
  125 Brassica tournefortiiAfrican MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19921 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
12
  126 Sisymbrium orientaleOriental MustardAustraliaWestern Australia19941 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
3
  127 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
522
  128 Echium plantagineumPatersons CurseAustraliaWestern Australia19971 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5030
  129 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19981 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
5033
  130 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
1135
  131 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia19991 Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
5358
  132 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20031 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5325
  133 Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucumSmooth BarleyAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5251
  134 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20051 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
5253
  135 Echinochloa colonaJunglericeAustraliaWestern Australia20101 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
5581
  136 Raphanus raphanistrumWild RadishAustraliaWestern Australia20101 Multiple Resistance: 4 Sites of Action
ALS inhibitors (B/2)
Carotenoid biosynthesis inhibitors (F1/12)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
Synthetic Auxins (O/4)
7888
  137 Bromus diandrus ssp. rigidus (=B. rigidus)Rigid BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20111 ALS inhibitors (B/2)
5578
  138 Lolium rigidumRigid RyegrassAustraliaWestern Australia20131 Multiple Resistance: 2 Sites of Action
PSI Electron Diverter (D/22)
EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
6754
  139 Ehrharta longifloraLongflowered veldtgrass AustraliaWestern Australia20141 ACCase inhibitors (A/1)
8899
  140 Bromus rubensRed BromeAustraliaWestern Australia20141 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
10964
  141 Vulpia bromoidesSquirreltail FescueAustraliaWestern Australia20141 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)
11030
  142 Tridax procumbensCoat ButtonsAustraliaWestern Australia20161 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
14052
  143 Lactuca salignaWillow-leaved lettuceAustraliaWestern Australia20171 EPSP synthase inhibitors (G/9)
17111
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Cite this site as: Heap, I.  The International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds.  Online.  Internet.  Thursday, November 15, 2018 .  Available  www.weedscience.org
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